discuss the nature of philosophy and public relations.
tackle the inter-relation between public relations and philosophy and the essence of philosophy.
PHILOSOPHY OF PUBLIC RELATIONS
(Nature of Philosophy)
Philosophy has a vital role to play in human condition and human enterprise. This is because it provides comprehensive
interpretation of fundamental issues and the events pertinent to them. It probes into various forms of meaningful language,
the shades and differentiations in human communication as well as the analysis and synthesis thereof, it attempts to ensure
clarity and understanding in human dialogue and assumptions. It seeks to satisfy man’s curiosity regarding life, existence
the beginning and end of things.
Philosophy deals with the issues such as the basic nature of man, so as to determine the rights and privileges, as
well as the responsibilities concomitant with man’s nature, the privileges of assessment of right and wrong in human
actions and reactions, the nature of society and the place of the individual within the society, the principles of literary
criticism, the under girding assumptions and methods of natural sciences, the attainment by natural reason of the existence
of the Supreme Being. It attempts to establish a coherence throughout the whole domain of experience and the whole realm of
thought. And also provides an avenue for thinking systematically about realities of and inexistence. It uses data and attempts
to establish standards for assessing values and judging conduct as well as inquiring into the accuracy of meaning and the
logic. It is speculative, prescriptive and analytic; it can be applied to differing branches of human knowledge and human
(The Nature of Public Relations)
Public relations as a management func5tion helps in defining and achieving organizational objectives and philosophy,
adapts to a changing environment and facilitate organizational change. PR practitioners communicate with all relevant internal
and external publics in the effort to create consistency between organizational goals and societal expectations.
They develop, execute, and evaluate organizational programmes. With the goal of promoting the exchange of influence
and understanding among an organization’s constituent parts and publics. PR nature makes it to constantly adapt to the
needs of society. It is practiced in organizations that range in type from giant, multinational companies to small, human
It is the specific operating philosophy by which management sets up policies designed to serve both in the companies
and the public’s interest and a carefully nurtured effort to develop and maintain a strong, resilient and positive concensus
from all the publics upon whom the activities of the organization impinge PR professionals are basically responsible for assimilating
and communicating information between an organization and it’s environment. Their duties go far beyond the skills of
communicating like their counterparts in other functions areas of their organization, must be able to influence policy decision
and developing strategies to implement them. PR informs, creates ideas, persuades people and makes things happen. It is the
organizations actions taken to promote a favourable relationship with the public and efforts to win the cooperation of group
of people. It helps a organization and it’s publics to adapt mutually to each other. It is the deliberate planned and
sustained efforts to establish and maintain mutual understanding between an organization and its publics. It establishes and
maintains mutual lines of communication, understanding, acceptance and cooperation
between an organization and it’s public.
THE INTER-RELATION BETWEEN PUBLIC RELATIONS AND
PR is human centric, it is based on some philosophy or outlook of life. PR is in Philosophy, Philosophy is in PR, through
communication the accomplishments of past civilization are preserved, the social heritage of language, culture and philosophies
could be transmitted. Although the same fundamental sources of wisdom are opened to all, PR theorists might not have homogeneity
of opinion regarding the modus operandi of different spectrums of PR.
The differences of opinion perceptible in PR theories and practices stem
in part from differing interpretations and emphases given to life and to life’s ultimate purpose. Any philosophy that
rejects or ignores the dualistic nature of man and portrays him as a mere biological entity or economic animal is deficient.
It is in reference to the nature of PR, namely, the human being, that the
necessary dependence of PR, it is important to distinguish between those elements that change either in course of their development
or through social emphasis. The constant elements are the fundamental truths or principles about man’s nature, origin,
destiny, and his acknowledgement of the Supreme Being. The variable elements include some theoretical factors, practices,
organization, techniques of administration, etc. Even these variable elements might not be completely open-ended, and could
be based on certain fundamentals.